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faq [2010/03/21 22:57]
mister_x internal link
faq [2017/08/05 19:11] (current)
mister_x Beware of WN722N and added AWUS036NHA
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 ====== FAQ ====== ====== FAQ ======
 +===== What version of Aircrack-ng am I running ?  =====
 +
 +Run '​aircrack-ng | head'. Version information is in the first line of text (second if the empty line is taken into account).
 +
 ===== What is the best wireless card to buy ?  ===== ===== What is the best wireless card to buy ?  =====
  
-Which card to purchase is a hard question to answer. ​ Each person'​s criteria is somewhat different, such as one may require 802.11n capability, or may require it to work via virtualisation.  However, having said that, if money is not a constraint then the following cards are considered the best in class:+Which card to purchase is a hard question to answer. ​ Each person'​s criteria is somewhat different, such as one may require 802.11n capability, or may require it to work via virtualization.  However, having said that, if money is not a constraint then the following cards are considered the best in class:
  
   * Alfa AWUS036H [b/g USB]   * Alfa AWUS036H [b/g USB]
-  * Ubiquiti SRC [a/b/g Cardbus/PCMCIA+  * Ubiquiti SRC [a/b/g Cardbus] 
-  * Ubiquiti SRX [a/b/g/n? ExpressCard] +  * Ubiquiti SRX [a/b/g ExpressCard] 
-  * Airpcap series [various]+  * Airpcap series [USB] 
 +  * TP-Link TL-WN722N v1 [b/g/n USB] - Beware, if version is not specified by vendor, it is **NOT** v1 
 +  * Alfa AWUS036NHA [b/g/n USB] 
 +  * Alfa AWUS051NH v2 [a/b/g/n USB] 
 +  * MiniPCIe: anything that uses [[https://​wikidevi.com/​wiki/​Ath9k|ath9k]],​ especially AR92xx and AR93xx (ability to do [[https://​wireless.wiki.kernel.org/​en/​users/​drivers/​ath9k/​spectral_scan|spectral scan]])
  
-If money is a constraint then consider purchasing a card with a RTL8187L, RT73 or Atheros chipset, also read [[compatibility_drivers#​which_is_the_best_card_to_buy|this]] first before purchasing .  There are many available on the market for fairly low prices. ​ You are simply trading off distance, sensitivity and performance for cost.+If money is a constraint then consider purchasing a card with a RTL8187L or Atheros chipset, also read [[compatibility_drivers#​which_is_the_best_card_to_buy|this]] first before purchasing. There are many available on the market for fairly low prices. ​ You are simply trading off distance, sensitivity and performance for cost.
  
 If you want to know if your existing card is compatible then use this page: [[compatible_cards|Tutorial:​ Is My Wireless Card Compatible?​]] If you want to know if your existing card is compatible then use this page: [[compatible_cards|Tutorial:​ Is My Wireless Card Compatible?​]]
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 The [[links]] page also generic wireless information and tutorials. The [[links]] page also generic wireless information and tutorials.
 +
 +===== Any GPS recommendation ?  =====
 +
 +The following 2 devices have been tested and work fine:
 +
 +  * BU-353
 +  * NL-402U USB
 +
 +However, anything that is [[http://​www.catb.org/​gpsd/​hardware.html|compatible with GPSd]] will work. 
  
 ===== "​command not found" error message ​ ===== ===== "​command not found" error message ​ =====
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     * ftp://​ftp.openwall.com/​pub/​wordlists/​     * ftp://​ftp.openwall.com/​pub/​wordlists/​
     * http://​www.openwall.com/​mirrors/​     * http://​www.openwall.com/​mirrors/​
-  * ftp://ftp.ox.ac.uk/pub/wordlists/+  * GitHub 
 +    * https://github.com/​danielmiessler/​SecLists/​tree/​master/​Passwords 
 +    * https://​github.com/berzerk0/Probable-Wordlists 
 +    * https://​github.com/search?​q=wordlist
   * http://​gdataonline.com/​downloads/​GDict/​   * http://​gdataonline.com/​downloads/​GDict/​
-  * http://​www.theargon.com/​achilles/​wordlists/​ 
-  * http://​theargon.com/​achilles/​wordlists/​theargonlists/​ 
   * ftp://​ftp.cerias.purdue.edu/​pub/​dict/​   * ftp://​ftp.cerias.purdue.edu/​pub/​dict/​
   * http://​www.outpost9.com/​files/​WordLists.html   * http://​www.outpost9.com/​files/​WordLists.html
-  * http://​www.securinfos.info/​wordlists_dictionnaires.php 
   * http://​www.vulnerabilityassessment.co.uk/​passwords.htm   * http://​www.vulnerabilityassessment.co.uk/​passwords.htm
   * http://​packetstormsecurity.org/​Crackers/​wordlists/​   * http://​packetstormsecurity.org/​Crackers/​wordlists/​
   * http://​www.ai.uga.edu/​ftplib/​natural-language/​moby/​   * http://​www.ai.uga.edu/​ftplib/​natural-language/​moby/​
-  * http://​www.insidepro.com/​eng/​download.shtml 
-  * http://​www.word-list.com/​ 
   * http://​www.cotse.com/​tools/​wordlists1.htm   * http://​www.cotse.com/​tools/​wordlists1.htm
   * http://​www.cotse.com/​tools/​wordlists2.htm   * http://​www.cotse.com/​tools/​wordlists2.htm
-  * http://​wordlist.sourceforge.net/ +  * http://​wordlist.aspell.net/ 
- +  * https://darkz0ne.net/wordlists
-==== Build your own ==== +
- +
-Here are a few resources to build your own lists. ​ There are many, many more available if you search the Internet. +
- +
-  *[[https://code.goto10.org/svn/​unpacked/​sh/​etemenanki/​etemenanki.sh|Etemenanki]] is a shell script that "​builds word dictionaries based on remote and local (hyper)text repositories"​. +
-  *[[http://​awlg.org/​index.gen|Associative Word List Generator]] allows you to build custom lists based on a "​root"​ word. +
-  *[[http://​forum.aircrack-ng.org/​index.php?​topic=4580.0|Password Generator]] is a program that generates all the variations of a string of characters based on the length of the string. +
-  *[[http://​forum.aircrack-ng.org/​index.php?​topic=4877.msg27435#​msg27435|Password Generator]] is a program that goes through standard and arbitrary permutations of strings. +
-  * [[http://​forums.remote-exploit.org/​programming/​26847-coding-bruteforce-dictionary-generator.html|BackTrack thread]] regarding bruteforce dictionary generators.+
  
 ===== How do I recover my WEP/WPA key in windows ? ===== ===== How do I recover my WEP/WPA key in windows ? =====
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 From the command line you may use the //​mergecap//​ program to merge //.cap// files (part of the Wireshark/​Ethereal package or the win32 distribution): ​ From the command line you may use the //​mergecap//​ program to merge //.cap// files (part of the Wireshark/​Ethereal package or the win32 distribution): ​
  
-  mergecap -w out.cap test1.cap test2.cap test3.cap ​+  mergecap ​-F pcap test1.cap test2.cap test3.cap ​-w out.cap 
 + 
 +It will merge test1.captest2.cap ​and test3.cap into out.cap
  
-It will merge test1.cap, test2.cap and test3.cap into out.cap ​+  mergecap -F pcap *.cap -w out.cap 
 +  
 +It will merge all the .cap files contained in the current folder ​into out.cap
  
 You may use the [[tools#​merge|ivstools]] program to merge //.ivs// files (part of aircrack-ng package) You may use the [[tools#​merge|ivstools]] program to merge //.ivs// files (part of aircrack-ng package)
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 To determine the frequency that a channel uses (or vice versa), check out: To determine the frequency that a channel uses (or vice versa), check out:
-[[http://​www.rflinx.com/help/calculations/#2.4ghz_wifi_channels|Wifi Channels]] ​then select the "​Channel Information"​ tab.  Or check out [[http://​en.wikipedia.org/​wiki/​802.11_channels|Wikipedia List of WLAN Channels]].+[[http://​www.cisco.com/en/US/docs/​wireless/​technology/​channel/​deployment/​guide/​Channel.html#​wp134132|Wifi Channels]]. ​ Or check out [[http://​en.wikipedia.org/​wiki/​802.11_channels|Wikipedia List of WLAN Channels]].  This is a nice [[http://​www.air-stream.org.au/​files/​agder_56.gif|graphic]] showing the channel assignments and their overlap.
  
  
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 ===== Why do I get '​SIOCSIFFLAGS : No such file or directory'​ error message ===== ===== Why do I get '​SIOCSIFFLAGS : No such file or directory'​ error message =====
  
-Some drivers require a firmware to be loaded (b43, prism54, zd1211rw, ...). The driver ​does it by itself when loaded. \\ +Some drivers require a firmware to be loaded (b43, prism54, zd1211rw, ...). The driver ​typically loads the firmware ​itself when started. \\ 
-In this case, the driver didn't find it because the firmware was not in the right place. To find the firmware'​s correct location, read the driver documentation.+In this case, the driver didn't find it because the firmware was not in the right place or is missing from the computer. To find the firmware'​s correct location, read the driver documentation.
  
  
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 Solution: Disable this function in UDEV Solution: Disable this function in UDEV
  
-Open /​etc/​udev/​persistent-net-generator.rules in your prefered ​text editor+Open /​etc/​udev/​persistent-net-generator.rules in your preferred ​text editor
  
 Search for  Search for 
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 Save and close. Save and close.
  
-Open /​etc/​udev/​rules.d/​z25_persistent-net.rules in your prefered ​text editor ("​z25_"​ may be something different on your system).+Open /​etc/​udev/​rules.d/​z25_persistent-net.rules in your preferred ​text editor ("​z25_"​ may be something different on your system).
  
 Search for the lines concerning your nwc and delete or just disable them by inserting a leading "#"​. Search for the lines concerning your nwc and delete or just disable them by inserting a leading "#"​.
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 ===== What is RSSI? ==== ===== What is RSSI? ====
  
-RSSI is means Received Signal Strength Indication. RSSI is a measurement of the received radio signal strength. It is the received signal strength in a wireless environment,​ in arbitrary units.+RSSI means Received Signal Strength Indication. RSSI is a measurement of the received radio signal strength. It is the received signal strength in a wireless environment,​ in arbitrary units.
  
 For more information,​ see http://​en.wikipedia.org/​wiki/​RSSI For more information,​ see http://​en.wikipedia.org/​wiki/​RSSI
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 This is caused by SELinux (Security Enhanced Linux) preventing the interface from starting. ​ To resolve, disable SELinux. ​ See the support forums for your particular linux to determine how to do this. This is caused by SELinux (Security Enhanced Linux) preventing the interface from starting. ​ To resolve, disable SELinux. ​ See the support forums for your particular linux to determine how to do this.
 +
 +===== Why airodump-ng doesn'​t display anything on Android terminal? =====
 +
 +By default, in settings, stty rows and columns are set to 0. Here are the settings:
 +  * stty columns 86
 +  * stty rows 39
faq.1269208651.txt.gz · Last modified: 2010/03/21 22:57 by mister_x