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rt73 [2008/05/07 18:13]
darkaudax reverted to v2.0.1 of the driver / reorganized moving + blacklisting
rt73 [2017/01/09 21:32]
mister_x Mark page as deprecated.
Line 1: Line 1:
 +====== DEPRECATED ======
 +
 +**IMPORTANT NOTE**: This page is deprecated, updated documentation can be found [[install_drivers|here]]
 +
 =====Installing===== =====Installing=====
  
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 **IMPORTANT**\\ **IMPORTANT**\\
 If you have a new kernel that supports mac80211 and includes the new rt73usb driver then you **MUST** blacklist it otherwise the ieee80211 version of the module below will not work.  See [[rt73#​blacklisting_mac80211_driver_version|blacklisting mac80211 driver version]] below. If you have a new kernel that supports mac80211 and includes the new rt73usb driver then you **MUST** blacklist it otherwise the ieee80211 version of the module below will not work.  See [[rt73#​blacklisting_mac80211_driver_version|blacklisting mac80211 driver version]] below.
- 
  
 Open up a shell and type: Open up a shell and type:
  
-  wget http://​homepages.tu-darmstadt.de/​~p_larbig/​wlan/​rt73-k2wrlz-2.0.1.tar.bz2 +  wget http://​homepages.tu-darmstadt.de/​~p_larbig/​wlan/​rt73-k2wrlz-3.0.3.tar.bz2 
-  tar -xjf rt73-k2wrlz-2.0.1.tar.bz2 +  tar -xjf rt73-k2wrlz-3.0.3.tar.bz2 
-  cd rt73-k2wrlz-2.0.1/Module+  cd rt73-k2wrlz-3.0.3/Module
   make   make
  
Line 19: Line 22:
   modprobe rt73   modprobe rt73
  
 +A mirror for the above driver can be found  [[http://​aspj.aircrack-ng.org/​rt73-k2wrlz-3.0.3.tar.bz2|here]] and a home page mirror can be found [[http://​aspj.aircrack-ng.org/​|here]].
  
 =====Using driver with aircrack-ng===== =====Using driver with aircrack-ng=====
Line 41: Line 45:
 ===== Basic injection with rt73 and BackTrack v2 for beginners ===== ===== Basic injection with rt73 and BackTrack v2 for beginners =====
  
-See this [[http://tinyshell.be/​aircrackng/​forum/​index.php?​topic=1819.0|thread]]. +See this [[http://forum.aircrack-ng.org/​index.php?​topic=1819.0|thread]].
  
 ===== When to use this driver? ===== ===== When to use this driver? =====
  
-See this [[http://​tinyshell.be/​aircrackng/​forum/​index.php?​topic=2306.msg12907#​msg12907|message]].+See this [[http://​forum.aircrack-ng.org/​index.php?​topic=2306.msg12907#​msg12907|message]].
  
 If you have a Ralink chip in an USB device and that chip is a RT2570 or RT73 (RT73 is also as RT2571 and RT2573), you need the "​rt2570"​ or "​rt73"​ driver. ​ "​rt2500"​ driver is only for PCI/PCMCIA devices. If you have a Ralink chip in an USB device and that chip is a RT2570 or RT73 (RT73 is also as RT2571 and RT2573), you need the "​rt2570"​ or "​rt73"​ driver. ​ "​rt2500"​ driver is only for PCI/PCMCIA devices.
Line 53: Line 56:
  
 ===== Troubleshooting Tips ===== ===== Troubleshooting Tips =====
 +
  
 ==== Moving modules which are not required ==== ==== Moving modules which are not required ====
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    #​!/​bin/​bash    #​!/​bin/​bash
        
-   ​KERNELVER=`uname -r` 
    ​DIRECTORY="/​root/​rt73module"​    ​DIRECTORY="/​root/​rt73module"​
        
Line 73: Line 76:
    fi    fi
        
-   if [ -d /​lib/​modules/​$KERNELVER/​kernel/​drivers/​net/​wireless/mac80211/rt2x00 ]+   if [ -d /​lib/​modules/​$(uname -r)/​kernel/​drivers/​net/​wireless/​rt2x00 ]
    then    then
-       echo "​Moving modules from /​lib/​modules/​$KERNELVER/​kernel/​drivers/​net/​wireless/mac80211/rt2x00 directory"​ +       echo "​Moving modules from /​lib/​modules/​$(uname -r)/​kernel/​drivers/​net/​wireless/​rt2x00 directory"​ 
-       mv /​lib/​modules/​$KERNELVER/​kernel/​drivers/​net/​wireless/mac80211/​rt2x00/​rt2400pci.ko $DIRECTORY +       mv /​lib/​modules/​$(uname -r)/​kernel/​drivers/​net/​wireless/​rt2x00/​rt2400pci.ko $DIRECTORY 
-       mv /​lib/​modules/​$KERNELVER/​kernel/​drivers/​net/​wireless/mac80211/​rt2x00/​rt2500pci.ko $DIRECTORY +       mv /​lib/​modules/​$(uname -r)/​kernel/​drivers/​net/​wireless/​rt2x00/​rt2500pci.ko $DIRECTORY 
-       mv /​lib/​modules/​$KERNELVER/​kernel/​drivers/​net/​wireless/mac80211/​rt2x00/​rt2500usb.ko $DIRECTORY +       mv /​lib/​modules/​$(uname -r)/​kernel/​drivers/​net/​wireless/​rt2x00/​rt2500usb.ko $DIRECTORY 
-       mv /​lib/​modules/​$KERNELVER/​kernel/​drivers/​net/​wireless/mac80211/​rt2x00/​rt2x00lib.ko $DIRECTORY +       mv /​lib/​modules/​$(uname -r)/​kernel/​drivers/​net/​wireless/​rt2x00/​rt2x00lib.ko $DIRECTORY 
-       mv /​lib/​modules/​$KERNELVER/​kernel/​drivers/​net/​wireless/mac80211/​rt2x00/​rt2x00pci.ko $DIRECTORY +       mv /​lib/​modules/​$(uname -r)/​kernel/​drivers/​net/​wireless/​rt2x00/​rt2x00pci.ko $DIRECTORY 
-       mv /​lib/​modules/​$KERNELVER/​kernel/​drivers/​net/​wireless/mac80211/​rt2x00/​rt2x00usb.ko $DIRECTORY +       mv /​lib/​modules/​$(uname -r)/​kernel/​drivers/​net/​wireless/​rt2x00/​rt2x00usb.ko $DIRECTORY 
-       mv /​lib/​modules/​$KERNELVER/​kernel/​drivers/​net/​wireless/mac80211/​rt2x00/​rt61pci.ko $DIRECTORY +       mv /​lib/​modules/​$(uname -r)/​kernel/​drivers/​net/​wireless/​rt2x00/​rt61pci.ko $DIRECTORY 
-       mv /​lib/​modules/​$KERNELVER/​kernel/​drivers/​net/​wireless/mac80211/​rt2x00/​rt73usb.ko $DIRECTORY+       mv /​lib/​modules/​$(uname -r)/​kernel/​drivers/​net/​wireless/​rt2x00/​rt73usb.ko $DIRECTORY
        ​depmod -ae        ​depmod -ae
        echo "​Please reboot your system."​        echo "​Please reboot your system."​
    else    else
-       if [ -d /​lib/​modules/​$KERNELVER/​kernel/​drivers/​net/​wireless ]+       if [ -d /​lib/​modules/​$(uname -r)/​kernel/​drivers/​net/​wireless ]
        then        then
-           echo "​Moving modules from /​lib/​modules/​$KERNELVER/​kernel/​drivers/​net/​wireless directory"​ +           echo "​Moving modules from /​lib/​modules/​$(uname -r)/​kernel/​drivers/​net/​wireless directory"​ 
-           mv /​lib/​modules/​$KERNELVER/​kernel/​drivers/​net/​wireless/​rt2400pci.ko $DIRECTORY +           mv /​lib/​modules/​$(uname -r)/​kernel/​drivers/​net/​wireless/​rt2400pci.ko $DIRECTORY 
-           mv /​lib/​modules/​$KERNELVER/​kernel/​drivers/​net/​wireless/​rt2500pci.ko $DIRECTORY +           mv /​lib/​modules/​$(uname -r)/​kernel/​drivers/​net/​wireless/​rt2500pci.ko $DIRECTORY 
-           mv /​lib/​modules/​$KERNELVER/​kernel/​drivers/​net/​wireless/​rt2500usb.ko $DIRECTORY +           mv /​lib/​modules/​$(uname -r)/​kernel/​drivers/​net/​wireless/​rt2500usb.ko $DIRECTORY 
-           mv /​lib/​modules/​$KERNELVER/​kernel/​drivers/​net/​wireless/​rt2x00lib.ko $DIRECTORY +           mv /​lib/​modules/​$(uname -r)/​kernel/​drivers/​net/​wireless/​rt2x00lib.ko $DIRECTORY 
-           mv /​lib/​modules/​$KERNELVER/​kernel/​drivers/​net/​wireless/​rt2x00pci.ko $DIRECTORY +           mv /​lib/​modules/​$(uname -r)/​kernel/​drivers/​net/​wireless/​rt2x00pci.ko $DIRECTORY 
-           mv /​lib/​modules/​$KERNELVER/​kernel/​drivers/​net/​wireless/​rt2x00usb.ko $DIRECTORY +           mv /​lib/​modules/​$(uname -r)/​kernel/​drivers/​net/​wireless/​rt2x00usb.ko $DIRECTORY 
-           mv /​lib/​modules/​$KERNELVER/​kernel/​drivers/​net/​wireless/​rt61pci.ko $DIRECTORY +           mv /​lib/​modules/​$(uname -r)/​kernel/​drivers/​net/​wireless/​rt61pci.ko $DIRECTORY 
-           mv /​lib/​modules/​$KERNELVER/​kernel/​drivers/​net/​wireless/​rt73usb.ko $DIRECTORY+           mv /​lib/​modules/​$(uname -r)/​kernel/​drivers/​net/​wireless/​rt73usb.ko $DIRECTORY
            ​depmod -ae            ​depmod -ae
            echo "​Please reboot your system."​            echo "​Please reboot your system."​
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        fi        fi
    fi    fi
 +
  
  
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 If you have the file rt73usb.ko in the /​lib/​modules directory tree then you have two options to blacklist it.  Failure to do this will mean that the ieee80211 rt73 module described on this page will fail to work properly. ​ Here are the options: If you have the file rt73usb.ko in the /​lib/​modules directory tree then you have two options to blacklist it.  Failure to do this will mean that the ieee80211 rt73 module described on this page will fail to work properly. ​ Here are the options:
  
-  * Create ​two files in /usr/sbin called "​rt73-mac"​ and "​rt73-ieee"​. Enter this into "​rt73-mac":​+  * Move the file to another area on your system as follows then do "​depmod -ae"​. ​ Move  
 +/​lib/​modules/​k#/​kernel/​drivers/​net/​wireless/​rt2x00/​rt73usb.ko to a safe place. ​ The "​k#"​ and/or other parts of the path will be different for your distribution/​system. ​ Use "​locate 73usb.ko"​ or "find /​lib/​modules -name *73usb*"​ to find the full path.  After moving it, do "​depmod -ae"​. 
 +  * Edit /​etc/​modprobe.d/​blacklist and add "​blacklist rt73usb"​ as a new line. 
 + 
 +In both cases, reboot your system afterwards. 
 + 
 + 
 +==== Scripts to switch between ieee80211 and mac80211 ==== 
 + 
 +Yet another option is to use scripts to switch back and forth between the ieee80211 and mac80211 drivers. ​ To do this, create ​two files in /usr/sbin called "​rt73-mac"​ and "​rt73-ieee"​. Enter this into "​rt73-mac":​
  
   #!/bin/sh   #!/bin/sh
Line 123: Line 136:
  
 After this, you can easily load the rt73 driver (ieee80211) using the command "​rt73-ieee"​. To revert back to rt73usb (mac80211), use "​rt73-mac"​. After this, you can easily load the rt73 driver (ieee80211) using the command "​rt73-ieee"​. To revert back to rt73usb (mac80211), use "​rt73-mac"​.
-  * Move the file to another area on your system as follows then do "​depmod -ae"​. ​ Move  
-/​lib/​modules/​k#/​kernel/​drivers/​net/​wireless/​rt2x00/​rt73usb.ko to a safe place. ​ The "​k#"​ and/or other parts of the path will be different for your distribution/​system. ​ Use "​locate 73.ko" or "find /​lib/​modules -name *73*" to find the full path.  After moving it, do "​depmod -ae". 
-  * Edit /​etc/​modules.d/​blacklist and add "​blacklist rt73usb"​ as a new line. 
- 
-In both cases, reboot your system afterwards. 
- 
-==== 2.6.24 kernel support ==== 
- 
-See this [[http://​tinyshell.be/​aircrackng/​forum/​index.php?​topic=1824.msg17443#​msg17443|forum message]] and the one after it. 
- 
  
 ==== Try a lower data rate ==== ==== Try a lower data rate ====
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 If aireplay-ng freezes after injecting 700 to 1000 packets, try using the "​-x"​ option which limits the packet injection rate.  Try various values from "-x 100" to "-x 250". If aireplay-ng freezes after injecting 700 to 1000 packets, try using the "​-x"​ option which limits the packet injection rate.  Try various values from "-x 100" to "-x 250".
  
 +==== "​Network is down" error message ====
 +
 +If you get messages similar to this:
 +
 +   ​wconfig rausb0 mode monitor -> Error for wireless request "Set Mode" (8B06): SET failed on device rausb0. Network ist down.
 +   
 +   ​airodump-ng rausb0 -> ERROR: ioctl (SI0CSIFFLAGS) Failed Invalid Argument.
 +   
 +   ​airmon-ng start rausb0 -> raus0    RaLink USB    rt73SI0CSIFFLAGS Argument not allowed (Monitor mode enabled)
 +   ​Interface doesnt accept ioctl...
 +   ​rfmontx (8BEC) Network is down.
 +
 +If you get a "​Network down" message then you must first issue:
 +
 +   ​ifconfig rausb0 up
 +
 +Then put the card into monitor mode with:
 +
 +   ​airmon-ng start rausb0 <​optionally specify the channel here>
 +
 +Instead of airmon-ng, you can set the card manually with:
 +
 +   ​iwpriv rausb0 forceprism 1
 +   ​iwpriv rausb0 rfmontx 1
 +   ​iwconfig rausb0 mode monitor channel <x>
  
 ==== Ubuntu specific ==== ==== Ubuntu specific ====
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 (Some modules **must be blacklisted**) (Some modules **must be blacklisted**)
 Even when following the guide above, be sure to use the latest driver version available. Even when following the guide above, be sure to use the latest driver version available.
 +
 +==== "​iwe_stream_add_event"​ compile error message ====
 +
 +**NOTE: This applies only to driver version 3.0.1 and earlier. Version 3.0.2 should work out of the box with 2.6.27 kernels.**
 +
 +If you get a series of compile messages similar to "​error:​ passing argument 1 of '​iwe_stream_add_event'​ from incompatible pointer type" then do the following:
 +
 +Open up a shell and type:
 +
 +  wget http://​homepages.tu-darmstadt.de/​~p_larbig/​wlan/​rt73-k2wrlz-3.0.1.tar.bz2
 +  tar -xjf rt73-k2wrlz-3.0.1.tar.bz2
 +  cd rt73-k2wrlz-3.0.1/​Module
 +  wget http://​patches.aircrack-ng.org/​rt73_2.6.27.patch
 +  patch -Np2 -i rt73_2.6.27.patch
 +  make
 +
 +then, as root, type
 +
 +  make install
 +  modprobe rt73
 +
 +==== "​error:​ implicit declaration of function ‘kill_proc’"​ compile error message ====
 +
 +See [[http://​forum.aircrack-ng.org/​index.php?​topic=1824.msg23612#​msg23612|this thread]] for a patch.
 +Version 3.0.2 of the driver shouldn'​t have this bug anymore.
 +
 +==== 2.6.27 kernel support ====
 +
 +Version 3.0.2 does support 2.6.27 out of the box without any modifications needed.
 +
 +If you want to use an earlier version with 2.6.27, here are the patching instructions:​
 +
 +  * http://​www.ab9il.net/​linuxwireless/​
 +  * http://​www.ab9il.net/​linuxwireless/​rt73.html
 +
 +==== 2.6.31 kernel and above gives rt73.ko failed to build ====
 +
 +Compiling on 26.31 and above kernels gives an error message "​rt73.ko failed to build!"​. ​ This [[http://​forum.aircrack-ng.org/​index.php?​topic=1824.msg33360#​msg33360|thread]] provides a workaround. ​ Hopefully a corrected version of the driver will be released shortly.
 +
  
rt73.txt · Last modified: 2017/01/09 21:32 by mister_x