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wds [2007/11/10 23:19]
darkaudax
wds [2010/11/20 23:04]
sleek typo
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 ====== Tutorial: ​ How to crack WEP on a Wireless Distribution System (WDS)? ====== ====== Tutorial: ​ How to crack WEP on a Wireless Distribution System (WDS)? ======
-Version: 1.01 October 72007 \\+Version: 1.02.1 February 92008 \\
 By: darkAudax \\ By: darkAudax \\
 \\ \\
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   * You have Wireshark installed and working. ​ Plus you have a basic understanding of how to use it.   * You have Wireshark installed and working. ​ Plus you have a basic understanding of how to use it.
   * You are using the latest aircrack-ng 1.0dev version or above.   * You are using the latest aircrack-ng 1.0dev version or above.
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-In the examples, the option "​double dash bssid" is shown as "- -bssid"​. ​ Remember to remove the space between the two dashes when using it in real life.  This also applies to  "- -ivs", "- -arpreplay",​ "- -deauth",​ "- -channel",​ "- -arp" and "- -fakeauth"​. 
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 ====Equipment used==== ====Equipment used====
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   * The WDS sends out probe packets for the specific AP as well as "​broadcast"​. ​ This continues, at least on these particular units, even after the WDS connects to the main AP.  I suspect this is a type of keep alive process but this is not an authoritative explanation. ​ I have seen other WDS implementations which do not continuously send probes.   * The WDS sends out probe packets for the specific AP as well as "​broadcast"​. ​ This continues, at least on these particular units, even after the WDS connects to the main AP.  I suspect this is a type of keep alive process but this is not an authoritative explanation. ​ I have seen other WDS implementations which do not continuously send probes.
   * The client line above only reflects the probes and probe responses. ​ Currently, the WDS traffic is not shown as client activity.   * The client line above only reflects the probes and probe responses. ​ Currently, the WDS traffic is not shown as client activity.
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 ==== Attacks which work ==== ==== Attacks which work ====
  
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 Although fake authentication does work, each BSSID can be used as an authenticated MAC on the other unit.  So fake authentication is not required. ​ However, using a separate MAC seems to yield better injection rates. Although fake authentication does work, each BSSID can be used as an authenticated MAC on the other unit.  So fake authentication is not required. ​ However, using a separate MAC seems to yield better injection rates.
  
 +airtun-ng can inject plaintext and WEP packets into a WDS link. That's even possible when airtun-ng only sees one of the two WDS nodes! (Note that in this case only clients behind this node are reachable)
  
 ==== Attacks which do not work ==== ==== Attacks which do not work ====
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   * All tools: Ability to specify all four address fields on the command line   * All tools: Ability to specify all four address fields on the command line
   * aireplay-ng:​ Display all address fields based on context of To/FromDS bit combinations   * aireplay-ng:​ Display all address fields based on context of To/FromDS bit combinations
-  * aireplay-ng:​ For arp request replay, recognize the arp request packet being sent from the other unit (using 4 addresses plus exta 6 bytes) and replay that.+  * aireplay-ng:​ For arp request replay, recognize the arp request packet being sent from the other unit (using 4 addresses plus extra 6 bytes) and replay that.
  
  
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-==== wds.authentication.cap ​====+=== wds.authentication.cap ===
 This capture shows the WDS AP authenticating and associating with the main AP.  It contains the the typical probes followed by authentication and finally association. This capture shows the WDS AP authenticating and associating with the main AP.  It contains the the typical probes followed by authentication and finally association.
  
  
-==== arp.request.from.ap.wired.client.cap ​====+=== arp.request.from.ap.wired.client.cap ===
 A wired client attached to the main access point sends out an arp request packet. ​ This arp request is broadcast by the main AP.  It is also sent to the WDS AP (To/FromDS both equal to 1;4 addresses). ​ The WDS AP broadcasts the arp request. A wired client attached to the main access point sends out an arp request packet. ​ This arp request is broadcast by the main AP.  It is also sent to the WDS AP (To/FromDS both equal to 1;4 addresses). ​ The WDS AP broadcasts the arp request.
  
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-==== arp.request.from.wds.wired.client.cap ​====+=== arp.request.from.wds.wired.client.cap ===
 A wired client attached to the WDS access point sends out an arp request packet. ​ This arp request is broadcast by the WDS AP.  It is also sent to the main AP (To/FromDS both equal to 1;4 addresses). ​ The main AP broadcasts the arp request. A wired client attached to the WDS access point sends out an arp request packet. ​ This arp request is broadcast by the WDS AP.  It is also sent to the main AP (To/FromDS both equal to 1;4 addresses). ​ The main AP broadcasts the arp request.
  
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-==== ap.wired.client.ping.wds.wired.client.cap ​====+=== ap.wired.client.ping.wds.wired.client.cap ===
 A wired client attached to the main access point sends out a ping to a wired client attached to the WDS AP.  Please note that an arp request/​response previously took place and is not included in the capture. ​ You can see the ping request and response go back and forth (To/FromDS both equal to 1;4 addresses). A wired client attached to the main access point sends out a ping to a wired client attached to the WDS AP.  Please note that an arp request/​response previously took place and is not included in the capture. ​ You can see the ping request and response go back and forth (To/FromDS both equal to 1;4 addresses).
  
 The existing aircrack-ng tools can capture this and break the WEP key. The existing aircrack-ng tools can capture this and break the WEP key.
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wds.txt ยท Last modified: 2018/03/11 19:08 by mister_x